ISSI-BJ2nd meeting：Beijing, China, September 16-20,2018
International Space Science InstituteProject:
Multiple-instrument observations and simulations of the dynamical processes associated with polar cap patches/aurora and their associated scintillations
ISSI-BJTeam led byQing-HeZhang (China)
For further information and collaboration, please contactQing-He Zhang♦email@example.com any of the team members
Polar cap patches and aurora are common in the polar ionosphere where their motion and associated density gradients result in variable disturbances to High Frequency (HF) radio communications, over-the-horizon radar location errors, and disruption and errors to satellite navigation and communication. They are also directly subject to space weather disturbances and link to magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere (M-I-T) coupling processes. However, their formation and evolution under disturbed space weather conditions are poorly understood, and there is no forecasting tool to predict either their formation or evolution. Improved knowledge and modeling efforts of these phenomena are key to making progress toward improved space weather forecasts and correction of global navigation satellite system (GNSS) signals in real-time in the polar cap regions. With the fast development of coverage in the polar regions during recent years from the multiple instruments, such as GNSS ground-based receivers, incoherent scatter radars (ISRs), Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN), and all sky imagers as well as space-based measurements, a wealth of data on the global distributions of plasma and flows, as well as the associated scintillations are now available. This offers an excellent opportunity to study polar cap patches and aurora and to understand in detail the M-I-T coupling processes within a global perspective.
The aim of this proposal is to understand the dynamical processes associated with the polar cap patches and aurora and their impact on M-I-T coupling processes, through coordinated investigations of multiple ground-based and space-based observations (including data from GNSS Receivers, ISRs, SuperDARN, all sky imagers, MMS / THEMIS / Cluster / DMSP / SWARM satellites, etc.). The proposal also will address the impact of polar cap patches and aurora on GNSS navigation and communications, as well as scintillation modeling and forecasts. To enhance our understanding of this basic high-latitude physics, we propose to follow three avenues of investigation: (1) Analysis of observational data taken with ground-based and space-based instruments during ongoing coordinated international high-latitude campaigns; (2) Scientific analysis of the observations; (3) model simulation of important high-latitude effects. The conclusion of this study will lead to a number of papers on the work carried out.
Based on the multiple ground-based and space-based observations as well as theory and simulations experience, we expect to advance our understanding of polar cap patch and aurora formation, evolution and interaction with other regions, specifically;
1) Determine the dominant mechanism for thepolar cap patches and auroraforming and exiting the polar cap. Understand the role of the E×B drift for patch transport and mechanism to maintain their high density during its evolution.
2) Understand the relationship between patches/aurora and other types of irregularities (e.g. SED, TOI, SAPS, etc.) and dynamical processes in the auroral and subauroral ionosphere, and how dynamical processes associated with patch/aurora play a role in the M-I-T coupling.
3) Understand the generation mechanism(s) of thescintillations at the edges of polar cap patches/aurora during their formation and evolution. Develop more accurate empirical and/or theoretical models for scintillations in the polar ionosphere to improve the accuracy of the GNSS navigation and HF Radar communications.
We are confident that our chosen topic will be scientifically productive. The previous experience already opened up new ways of understanding the datasets and resulting in several published papers. Our team includes experts in the observations of GPS TEC/scintillation, ISR, SuperDARN, and all-sky imagers, together with very experienced modelers and space-based expertise. We will identify a small number of priority events (3 or 4 initially) which best address the questions raised above. Our primary aim is to study these events in great detail using multi-point multi-instrument approach and to publish the results of this research in peer-refereed journals.
Prof. Qing-He Zhang
Institute of Space Sciences, Shandong University
Dr. John Foster
MIT Haystack observatory
Dr. Yong-Liang Zhang
The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
Prof. Robert Schunk
Center for Atmospheric & Space Sciences, Utah State University
Prof. Mark Lester
Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Leicester
Prof. P. Thayyil Jayachandran
Physics Department, University of New Brunswick
Prof. Qiu-Gang Zong
School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University
Dr. Wen-Bin Wang
High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research
Prof. Bei-Chen Zhang
Polar Research Institute of China
Prof. Kjellmar Oksavik
Department of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen
Dr. Shun-Rong Zhang
MIT Haystack observatory
Dr. Yukitoshi (Toshi) Nishimura
Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles
Prof. Yong Liu
National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Prof. Shasha Zou
Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering, University of Michigan
Dr. Robert Fear
School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Southampton
Dr. Ying Zou
University of California, Los Angeles
Dr. Shishir Priyadarshi
Institute of Space Sciences, Shandong University
Dr. Yaqi Jin
Department of Physics, University of Oslo
It is proposed to conduct the study over two meetings held at a several month intervals, with the option of a third meeting if required. Before the first meeting, we will identify and select potential events from our recent/ongoing campaigns, collect data sets from multiple instruments, and make preliminary analysis. We propose that the first meeting could be over three-four full days to discuss the initial results of the potential events for in-depth analysis, assign analysis tasks，and identify the most fruitful areas for further coordinated interdisciplinary analysis addressing the proposed questions. The second meeting may require a week to review “homework”, conclude analysis and identify results. A final three-day meeting will be used to ensure the timely completion of publications.
Agenda of the Meetings:
The first meeting washeld during 8-12 May, 2017 taken place at ISSI-BJ in Beijing.The final program can be foundhere.
The second meeting will be held during 16-20 September, 2018 at ISSI-BJ in Beijing.
The final program will be added here soon.
List of Publications:
Zhang, Q.-H., Y.-Z. Ma, P. T. Jayachandran, J. Moen, M. Lockwood, et al., Polar cap hot patches: Enhanced density structures different from the classical patches in the ionosphere, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 8159–8167, 2017, doi:10.1002/2017GL073439.
Jin Y, Moen J I, Oksavik K, Spicher A, Clausen LBN, Miloch WJ. GPS scintillations associated with cusp dynamics and polar cap patches. J. Space Weather Space Clim. 2017, 7, A23. DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2017022
Zhang Qinghe, Michael Lockwood, John C. Foster, Qiugang Zong, Malcolm W. Dunlop, Shunrong Zhang, Jøran Moen, Beichen Zhang, Observations of the step-like accelerating processes of cold ions in the reconnection layer at the dayside magnetopause, Science Bulletin, 63(1), 31-37, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scib.2018.01.003.
Xing Zanyang, Qinghe Zhang, Desheng Han, Yongliang Zhang, Natsuo Sato, Shunrong Zhang Zejun Hu Yong Wang Yuzhang Ma, Conjugate observations of the evolution of polar cap arcs in both hemispheres, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JA024272.
Wang Y., Q. -H. Zhang, P. T. Jayachandran, J. Moen, Z.-Y. Xing, R. Chadwick, Y.-Z. Ma, J. M. Ruohoniemi, M. Lester, Experimental evidence on the dependence of the standard GPS phase scintillation index on the ionospheric plasma drift around noon sector of the polar ionosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JA024805.
Ma, Y. Z., Zhang, Q. H., Xing, Z. Y., Jayachandran, P. T., Moen, J., Heelis, R. A., Yong Wang, Combined contribution of solar illumination, solar activity, and convection to ion upflow above the polar cap, Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics, 2018, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2017JA024974.
Thank the International Space Science Institute in Beijing (ISSI-BJ) for supporting and hosting the meetings of the International Team on “Multiple instrument observations and simulations of the dynamical processes associated with polar cap patches/aurora and their associated scintillations” during which the discussions leading/contributing to this publication were held.
Will be added soon